The American Minute: Battle of Lepanto – Spanish Armada – William Bradford


News arrived in Europe in 1571 that Muslim Turks, under the command of Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha, surrounded the Christians in Famagusta, Cyprus.

Muslims promised the defenders of Cypus that if they surrendered, they would be allowed to leave.

Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha broke his promise and flayed alive the Venetian commander.

He then killed all 6,000 Christians prisoners.

He turned the beautiful St. Nicholas Church into the Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque.

Turkish Muslims then intended to attack Rome, and from there conquer the rest of western Europe.

Pope Pius V used all the influence he had to get the Christian states of Spain, Naples, Sicily, Venice, Genoa, Sardinia, Savoy, Urbino, Papal States, Germans, and Croatians to assemble into the Holy League, led by 24-year-old Don John of Austria.

On October 7, 1571, the largest and most decisive sea battle on the Mediterranean took place – the Battle of Lepanto off the western coast of Greece.

Don John of Austria led the 212 ships with nearly 68,000 soldiers and sailors of the Holy League.

Ali Pasha led the Muslim Ottoman Turks, consisting of 82,000 soldiers and sailors on 251 ships powered by thousands of Christian galley slaves rowing under the decks.

This was the last major battle with rowing vessels.

The morning of the battle, the Holy League was at a great disadvantage, struggling to row against the wind.

Don John led his men on deck in a prayer. Suddenly the wind changed 180 degrees to favor the Holy League.

The Holy League ships collided into Ali Pasha’s ships.

Fierce fighting went on for hours.

Don John sailed his ship Real, into Ali Pasha’s ship.

Ali Pasha was finally killed and his head was hung from the ship.

The Ottoman Muslims lost 200 of their 230 ships.

Some 12,000 Christian galley slaves were freed.

Had the Muslims not been defeated, they would have invaded Italy and possibly conquered Europe.

Islamic Conquest-Past & Present DVD

G.K. Chesterton wrote in his poem, “Lepanto”:

“Above the ships are palaces of brown, blackbearded chiefs,
And below the ships are prisons, where with multitudinous griefs,

Christian captives sick and sunless, all a laboring race repines
Like a race in sunken cities, like a nation in the mines.

They are lost like slaves that swat, and in the skies of morning hung
The stairways of the tallest gods when tyranny was young.

They are countless, voiceless, hopeless as those fallen or fleeing on
Before the high Kings’ horses in the granite of Babylon.

And many a one grows witless in his quiet room in hell
Where a yellow face looks inward through the lattice of his cell,

And he finds his God forgotten, and he seeks no more a sign –
But Don John of Austria has burst the battle line!

Don John pounding from the slaughter-painted poop,
Purpling all the ocean like a bloody pirate’s sloop,

Scarlet running over on the silvers and the golds,
Breaking of the hatches up and bursting of the holds,

Thronging of the thousands up that labor under sea
White for bliss and blind for sun and stunned for liberty.

Vivat Hispania! Domino Gloria!
Don John of Austria has set his people free!”

Instead of following up on this victory and freeing Constantinople and Greek Islands from Muslim control, Spain sent their invincible Armada to conquer Protestant England.

The Spanish Armada was destroyed in a hurricane in 1588.

This caused Spain to loose its monopoly over the new world, opening the door for other European nations to settle colonies in America.

Adam Smith wrote in The Wealth of Nations, 1776:

“The Spaniards, by virtue of the first discovery, claimed all America as their own, and…such was…the terror of their name, that the greater part of the other nations of Europe were afraid to establish themselves in any other part of that great continent…

…But…the defeat…of their Invincible Armada...put it out of their power to obstruct any longer the settlements of the other European nations.

In the course of the 17th century…English, French, Dutch, Danes, and Swedes…attempted to make some settlements in the new world.”

The Original 13-A Documentary History of Religion in America’s First Thirteen States

Two years after the Spanish Armada sank, a boy was born in England named William Bradford, on MARCH 19, 1590.

At age 17, the same year Shakespeare produced his play, “Anthony and Cleopatra,” William Bradford fled from England to Holland with the persecuted Pilgrims.

At age 30, William Bradford sailed with the Pilgrims to America.

In 1621, William Bradford was chosen governor and reelected 30 times till his death.

William Bradford’s journal, Of Plymouth Plantation, is the main historical record of the Pilgrims, published in 1650:

“Since ye first breaking out of ye lighte of ye gospell in our Honourable Nation of England…what warrs and opposissions… Satan hath raised…against the Saints…by bloody death and cruell torments…imprisonments, banishments…

What could now sustaine them but ye spirite of God and His grace?…

Ought not the children of these fathers rightly say: Our fathers…came over this great ocean, and were ready to perish in this wilderness; but they cried unto ye Lord, and He heard their voyce.”

William Bradford continued:

“All great and honourable actions are accompanied with great difficulties…

Out of small beginnings greater things have been produced by His hand that made all things of nothing…

and, as one small candle may light a thousand, so the light here kindled hath shone unto many, yea in some sort to our whole nation; let the glorious name of Jehovah have all the praise.”

For God’s Glory Alone Ministries thanks Bill Federer and
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After serving in the United States Navy for 22 years I retired from the service late in 1991. Having always loved the southwest, shortly after retiring, I moved to the Albuquerque area where I have resided since. Initially I worked as a contractor for approximately 6 years doing cable construction work. That becoming a little dangerous, at an elevated age, I moved into the retail store management environment managing convenience stores for roughly 16 years. With several disabilities, I am now fully retired and am getting more involved with helping Pastor Dewey & Pastor Paul with their operations at FGGAM which pleases my heart greatly as it truly is - "For God's Glory Alone". I met my precious wife Sandy here in Albuquerque and we have been extremely happily married for 18 years and I am the very proud father to Sandy's wonderful children, Tiana, our daughter, Ryan & Ross, our two sons, and proud grandparents to 5 wonderful grandchildren. We attend Christ Full Deliverance Ministries in Rio Rancho which is lead by Pastor's Marty & Paulette Cooper along with Elder Mable Lopez as regular members. Most of my time is now spent split between my family, my church & helping the Pastors by writing here on the FGGAM website and doing everything I can to support this fantastic ministry in the service of our Lord. Praise to GOD & GOD Bless to ALL! UPDATED 2021: Rick and Sandy moved to Florida a few years ago. We adore them and we pray for Rick as he misses Sandy so very, very much!

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