Drunk Driving – The Devil’s Delight

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FGGAM EXCLUSIVE by Dr. Joe Fawcett

Personal Experience…

The odds are high that you know or have known someone who’s been the victim of a drunk driver or someone who was a drunk driver and most likely sent to prison for it.drunk driving2

Thankfully no one I know has been the victim of a drunk driver.  Sadly, I do know one who is serving prison time.  His name is Gary Gibbs. I got to know him late in 2001, when I was filling in as the youth minister for one year at a church in Bonham, Texas. I spent a lot of time around him because he had a powerful praise and worship music ministry based out of that church.

Here’s the Thursday, May 26, 2005, Georgetown, Texas “American-Statesman” newspaper’s account of what happened to Gary: “A Williamson County jury took less than two hours Wednesday to convict a Marshall man of drunken driving, his eighth DWI conviction since 1986.

Gary Gibbs, a 49-year-old country and western musician, also used his car as a deadly weapon in the December 2003, incident in Georgetown, jurors found. He could face 25 years to life in prison and must serve at least half his sentence before he is eligible for parole. Jurors are set to deliberate today on Gibbs’ sentence.

On Tuesday, defense lawyers hinted in questioning that a foot injury was to blame for Gibbs’ poor performance on field sobriety tests, but they did not call any witnesses to the stand. Prosecutors pointed to the sobriety tests as proof that Gibbs was guilty.

In closing statements, defense lawyer Russ Sablatura questioned why the officer who stopped Gibbs did not ask whether he had any medical problems.

‘It would have affected his judgment and evaluation,’ Sablatura told jurors. ‘I can’t answer it for you and neither can the officer, because he didn’t ask.’

Prosecutors urged jurors to consider the testimony of truck driver Steve Black, who said he witnessed Gibbs weaving in and out of lanes on Interstate 35, and a videotape of the arrest showing Gibbs stumbling through field sobriety tests such as walking heel to toe and balancing on one leg.

‘The way he stands, the way he walks – it is clear he is intoxicated,’ prosecutor Jennifer Earls told jurors. ‘He is not in pain.’

Georgetown police officer Jason Jones testified that Gibbs’ breath smelled of alcohol and his speech was slurred.

Jurors also watched a videotape of Gibbs performing field sobriety tests, such as walking nine steps heel to toe and balancing on one leg.

‘That’s enough – I’ve seen enough,’ Jones said on the tape after watching Gibbs stumble repeatedly and stray into the road while attempting to stand and walk heel to toe.

Gibbs also refused to take a breath test, depriving prosecutors of additional evidence of his intoxication, Earls said.

In the sentencing phase of the trial, jurors heard about Gibbs’ seven prior drunken driving convictions in five counties. Since 1986, Gibbs has received several jail sentences and has served more than four years in prison.

When a person is convicted of drunken driving for the first or second time, it is a misdemeanor, punishable by probation, fines or up to a year in jail. The third offense is a felony punishable by up to 10 years in prison.

After two separate trips to prison, a driver’s third felony drunken driving conviction can bring 25 years to life in prison. Gibbs completed his second prison sentence in 2001 and was not arrested again until 2003 in Georgetown. In 2002, About 750 Texas drivers had amassed eight DWI convictions, Texas Department of Public Safety statistics show. One person had 23 convictions.

On Tuesday, jurors also heard from friends of Gibbs, who said he had never been treated for his alcohol problems.

Jim Gutierrez said Gibbs was ‘cursed with a fabulous talent’ and spent his life traveling the nightclub circuit, singing and playing the piano. He played with big names such as rebaReba McEntire and at one point had a developmental contract with a major recording company, Gutierrez said.

‘It’s a very glamorous kind of lifestyle but is fraught with temptation,’ Gutierrez said. ‘Women, drugs, alcohol, money, stardom: It’s more than a human being can take.’

Gibbs went to prison twice for drunken driving but never talked about getting help until his four-year sentence in 1997, Gutierrez said.

‘I believe Gary came out of prison and turned his life over to the Lord,’ Gutierrez said. He said Gibbs traded nightclub gigs for performances at churches and scraped by on love offerings.

‘He felt like he had mastered his problem,’ Gutierrez said. ‘I believe he believed that.’

Department of Public Safety records show that Gibbs’ license has been suspended several times since 1986. Prosecutors did not know whether it was suspended when he was arrested in 2003.

Gibbs completed a four-year prison sentence in 2001 and was not arrested again until 2003.

Gibbs is one of a small group of DWI offenders who have a large number of DWI convictions, statistics show. In 2002, about 35,359 drivers had four or more DWI convictions, compared with more than 800,000 drivers who had one DWI conviction on their record, according to the Texas Department of Public Safety.

On Thursday, May 26, 2005, a life sentence for Gary Gibbs was handed down by the jury.  He won’t be eligible for parole for 30 years. Jurors deliberated for more than an hour before bringing back the life sentence about noon.”

As of this FGGAM article’s date, Gary’s now 58. The last time I saw him was when his pastor and I went to visit him in the Buster Cole Prison in Bonham, Texas about seven years ago.  Gary buster cole prisonwasted no time starting a music ministry there. He felt resigned to serve the remaining years of his life in prison ministering to men.  The Texas prison system shuttles its inmates quite often from prison to prison and because of that I’ve long since lost track of him.  If you’re a compelled prayer warrior, then here’s your man: Gary Gibbs… an incredible musician who can sing and play the keyboards with the absolute best of them.

Risks of drunk driving

The more a person drinks, the more their brain’s ability to make crucial driving decisions becomes impaired. After just one drink, a driver can begin to lose their ability to perform the tasks necessary to drive a car: Braking, steering, changing lanes, and using judgment to adjust to changing road conditions.  This is what happened to Gary.  What the newspaper article didn’t report or probably didn’t know was that Gary had a gig in a honky tonk bar and afterwards he was offered a drink.  He knew he should’ve said no, but he didn’t.  One drink led to a few more before he had to leave to get back to his precious bride. Driving home to her is when he was pulled over, arrested and jailed.

alcohol and brainAlcohol and the brain

Alcohol has a depressant effect on the central nervous system, which includes the brain and nerve pathways that control muscle action. It slows down brain functions and can affect judgment and emotions as well as behavior. The more you drink, the greater the effects.

People who’ve been drinking large amounts of alcohol for long periods of time run the high risk of developing serious and persistent changes in the brain. Damage may be a result of the direct effects of alcohol on the brain or may result indirectly, from a poor general health status or from severe liver disease.

For example, thiamine deficiency is a common occurrence in people with alcoholism and results from poor overall nutrition. Thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, is an essential nutrient required by all tissues, including the brain. Thiamine is found in foods such as meat and poultry; whole grain cereals; nuts; and dried beans, peas, and soybeans. Many foods in the United States commonly are fortified with thiamine, including breads and cereals. As a result, most people consume sufficient amounts of thiamine in their diets. The typical intake for most Americans is 2 mg/day; the Recommended Daily Allowance is 1.2 mg/day for men and 1.1 mg/day for women.

But, up to 80% of alcoholics have a gross deficiency in thiamine, and some of these people will go on to develop serious brain disorders such as the Wernicke-Korsakoff Wernicke'ssyndrome (WKS). WKS is a disease that consists of two separate syndromes, a short-lived and severe condition called Wernicke’s encephalopathy and a long-lasting and debilitating condition known as Korsakoff’s psychosis.

The symptoms of Wernicke’s encephalopathy include mental confusion, paralysis of the nerves that move the eyes (i.e., oculomotor disturbances), and difficulty with muscle coordination (which I believe might have been with Gary’s case even when sober). For example, patients with Wernicke’s encephalopathy may be too confused to find their way out of a room or may not even be able to walk. Many Wernicke’s encephalopathy patients do not exhibit all three of these signs and symptoms, and clinicians working with alcoholics must be aware that this disorder may be present even if the patient shows only one or two of them. In fact, studies performed after death indicates that many cases of thiamine deficiency-related encephalopathy may not be diagnosed in life because not all the “classic” signs and symptoms were present or recognized.

Approximately 80 to 90% of alcoholics with Wernicke’s encephalopathy also develop Korsakoff’s psychosis, a chronic and debilitating syndrome characterized by persistent alcohol effectslearning and memory problems. Patients with Korsakoff’s psychosis are forgetful and quickly frustrated and have difficulty with walking and coordination. Although these patients have problems remembering old information (i.e., retrograde amnesia), it’s their difficulty in “laying down” new information that’s the most striking. For example, these patients can discuss in detail an event in their lives, but an hour later might not remember ever having the conversation

Terrible Statistics

Tragically, drunk-driving is responsible for a large number of deaths, injuries, damage and accidents every year.

Americans take 233 billion trips in cars each year. Of those, about one out of every 2,000 trips is taken by those who are driving under the influence of alcohol.  Almost 1 out of every 3 traffic deaths involves drunk driving. So a proportionally tiny amount of bad behavior (sin) is one of the major causes of death and injury on our roadways.

About 1/3 of the drunk driving problem – arrests, crashes, deaths, and injuries – comes from repeat offenders.  At any given point you and I potentially share the roads with 2 million people with 3 or more drunk driving offenses.  Taking away their licenses isn’t enough; 50-75% of them drive anyway.  This is why we need to require ignition interlocks for all drunk driving offenders – we can stop these offenders before they repeat their crimes. New Mexico was the first state to require ignition interlocks on drunk driving offenders.

2/3 of the drunk driving problem comes from people who, before they kill or injure themselves or others, have yet to be arrested.

maddMADD has done so much to combat drunk driving. The mission of Mothers Against Drunk Driving – www.MADD.org –  is to stop drunk driving, support the victims of this violent crime and prevent underage drinking.  They are mothers who’ve lost children due to drunk driving. They offer a powerful voice in legislation for the children that they’ve lost, and also offer support comfort to each of their members. Drunk driving fatalities are more devastating because they are 100% avoidable.

A drunk does not have the ability to make coherent and rational decisions. Maybe if the bartender or the friend who has been providing the drinks all night took responsibility and had taken the keys away, there’d be less drunk driving fatalities.  Or maybe if pastors and priests would become more vocal about it and lead the way for their people to truly learn the evils of drunk driving then they would put their faith into action.

new mexico flagA large percentage of the FGGAM readers live in New Mexico: Visit this website to see New Mexico’s drunk driving statistics as well as the other States: https://www.dui-usa.drinkdriving.org/New+Mexico_dui_drunkdriving_statistics.php

Here’s another useful fact filled site: https://www.totaldui.com/news/articles/statistics/madd-state-rank.aspx

Drunk Driving Facts

  • Impairment is not reliant upon the type of alcohol consumed, rather the number of drinks over a certain period of time. Despite myths and misconceptions, coffee, a drunk drivingcold shower, or exercise will not make a person more sober; only time will.
  • On average, a drunk driver will drive 80 times under the influence before their first arrest: Another powerful reason for you to practice safer, defensive driving every time you get behind the wheel of a vehicle.
  • Every 53 minutes in America, someone is killed in a drunk driving crash. That’s about 27 people every day.
  • For drivers under 21, the U.S. has a No Tolerance policy that does not allow any alcohol to be in the blood system while behind the wheel. The consequences could include expensive fines, loss of license or jail.
  • Every 90 seconds, someone is injured from a drunk driving incident.
  • In 2011, 9,878 people were victims of drunk drivers.
  • In 2012, 10,322 people were killed in alcohol-impaired driving crashes, accounting for nearly 1/3 (31%) of all traffic-related deaths in the United States
  • Between 50 to 75% of the people who have had their licenses revoked due to driving under the influence drive illegally without their license.
  • Traffic accidents are the leading cause of death for teens, and roughly 1/3 of these accidents involve alcohol or another substance.
  • Thanks to law enforcement around driving under the influence, since 1980 the fatality rate of drunk driving has been cut by 50%.
  • 211 children were killed in drunk driving crashes in 2010. Of those 211 children, 62% were riding in the car with the impaired driver.
  • Kids and teens who get involved with alcohol at a young age are 7 times more likely to be involved in an alcohol-related crash in their lives.

Thankfully, there are effective measures that can help prevent injuries and deaths from alcohol-impaired driving, but they’re only as effective as their application.  If you’re a pastor, it’s your solemn responsibility to educate your people and your community about dealing with this sin.

How big is the problem?

  • Of the 1,168 traffic deaths among children ages 0 to 14 years in 2012, 239 (20%) involved an alcohol-impaired driver.drunk driving8
  • Of the 239 child passengers ages 14 and younger who died in alcohol-impaired driving crashes in 2012, over half (124) were riding in the vehicle with the alcohol-impaired driver.
  • In 2010, over 1.4 million drivers were arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics. That’s 1% of the 112 million self-reported episodes of alcohol-impaired driving among U.S. adults each year.
  • Drugs other than alcohol (e.g., marijuana and cocaine) are involved in about 18% of motor vehicle driver deaths. These other drugs are often used in combination with alcohol.

Who is most at risk?

  • Young people: At all levels of Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC), the risk of being involved in a crash is greater for young people than for older people.
  • Among drivers with BAC levels of 0.08 % or higher involved in fatal crashes in 2012, one out of every 3 were between 21 and 24 years of age (32%). The next two largest groups were ages 25 to 34 (27%) and 35 to 44 (24%).
  • Among motorcyclists killed in fatal crashes in 2012, 29% had BACs of 0.08% or greater.
  • Nearly half of the alcohol-impaired motorcyclists killed each year are age 40 or older, and motorcyclists ages 40-44 have the highest percentage of deaths with BACs of 0.08% or greater (44%).

How can deaths and injuries from impaired driving be prevented?

  • Actively enforcing existing 0.08% BAC laws, minimum legal drinking age laws, and zero tolerance laws for drivers younger than 21 years old in all states.drunk driving9
  • Promptly taking away the driver’s licenses of people who drive while intoxicated.
  • Using sobriety checkpoints.
  • Putting health promotion efforts into practice that influence economic, organizational, policy, and school/community action.
  • Using community-based approaches to alcohol control and DWI prevention.
  • Requiring mandatory substance abuse assessment and treatment, if needed, for DWI offenders.
  • Raising the unit price of alcohol by increasing taxes.
  • Pastors need to be educated so as to wisely implement a training and awareness program within their congregation and community from the biblical worldview.
  • Reducing the illegal BAC threshold to 0.05%.
  • Mandatory blood alcohol testing when traffic crashes result in injury.

Drunk driving education is critical to increasing the level of safety on the streets, highways and even on water; it’s an essential part of creating healthy habits for drivers. When it comes to not drinking and driving, it’s a lifestyle behavior that’s much easier said than done, especially when the blood alcohol levels impair critical thinking and judgment. When faced with the decision of whether or not it’s safe enough to drive home, any suspicion or doubt should be matched with proper action. All drivers take chances with their lives and the lives of others when they proceed onto the road with too much alcohol in their system. There are plenty of ways to avoid a disaster involving alcohol.

Safety steps can you take

  • Whenever your social plans involve any amount of alcohol, make plans ahead of time so that you don’t have to drive after drinking.drunk driving10
  • Prior to any drinking, designate a non-drinking driver when with a group.
  • Don’t let your friends drive impaired. Take their keys away.
  • If you’ve been drinking, get a ride home or call a taxi.
  • If you’re hosting a party where alcohol will be served, remind your guests to plan ahead and designate their sober driver; offer alcohol-free beverages; and make sure all guests leave with a sober driver.

The worst days of the year for drunk driving

When it comes to drinking and driving in the United States, not all days of the year are created equal. Certain days, most of them national holidays, see major spikes in the drunk driving5number of fatal road accidents that involve a person behind the wheel who is under the influence.

For most people, the celebration of the New Year begins during the evening of December 31st. But the most dangerous time for drunk driving actually comes on New Year’s Day, in the early hours between midnight and 5:00 in the morning. This is the time when revelers who’ve watched the ticking of the clock begin to head home, and when all too many of them unwisely decide to drive despite the alcohol in their systems.

In an average year, around 50% of the fatal road accidents around New Year’s involve at least one drunk driver. Although the deadliest drunk driving days do vary somewhat from year to year, nevertheless New Year’s is always among the worst and often hits the top spot.

The Fourth of July, or Independence Day, is also routinely among the worst days when it comes to fatal road accidents involving impaired drivers. Like New Year’s Eve, the Fourth of July often involves parties and quite a bit of drinking. But July 4th parties tend to take the form of afternoon barbeques or other outside celebrations, which often wind down after the traditional fireworks displays have concluded. This means that drunk driving incidents are more concentrated on the 4th itself, rather than on the morning of the 5th.

drunk driving6Technically, the third worst offending day for drunk driving is the March 18. But the reason this day appears so high on the list is because of March 17 – St. Patrick’s Day. If there’s one holiday that emphasizes consuming alcohol (at least in the United States), it’s St. Patrick’s Day. As a result, driving impaired in the early hours of the following day has become a major problem. You’ll want to avoid travelling on March 18.

Thanksgiving is traditionally a family holiday and not as strongly associated with parties and drinking as other national holidays. Nevertheless, the holiday is all about eating, and a certain amount of drinking almost always comes with it. But even more significantly, Thanksgiving is the heaviest travel day of the year as people travel to connect with relatives. With so many people on the road, the number of accidents is bound to increase.

Days on which the alcohol flows freely involve hazards for everyone. Both drinkers and non-drinkers want to be careful and alert during these times to avoid running into disaster.

These and other holidays are often serious triggers for people who are in recovery for alcoholism or other substance abuse problems. Many people in this situation need strategies or extra support to help them stay sober while still feeling included in festivities.

Of course, these are also days when many people who do not have an established substance abuse problem find themselves making poor choices. The social and widespread nature of alcohol consumption makes it easier to get out of control without realizing it… exactly what happened to Gary Gibbs.

Finally, people who choose not to drink or who stay below the legal driving limit need to be aware that they are not immune from drunk driving accidents. Driving home late devil and drinkingat night or in the early hours of the morning remains hazardous because of the number of other people on the road who may have been drinking. Driving with extra caution or taking alternate modes of transportation are wise choices.

The following are in order, building up to the most dangerous holiday in America – the one where your chance of getting into a fatal car accident goes up by an incredible 50%.

11. Martin Luther King Jr. Day: +7.1% chance of an accident

10. Groundhog Day: +7.9% chance of an accident

9. Mardi Gras: +8.3% chance of an accident

8. Christmas Eve: +8.4% chance of an accident

7. Halloween: +9.3% chance of an accident

6. Father’s Day: +9.4% chance of an accident

5. Thanksgiving: +12.3% chance of an accident

4. Labor Day: +14.5% chance of an accident

3. Memorial Day: +22.5% chance of an accident

2. July 4th: +26.4% chance of an accident. When you include July 2 and 3, it’s the most dangerous driving period of the year. Stay home. Don’t travel. Enjoy your friends and family.

1. New Year’s Day: +50% chance of an accident! Stay home! Don’t drive!  Enjoy the Football Championship Bowl Games.

Driving Drunk Vs. Using Cell Phone While Driving

Using cell phones while driving is as dangerous as driving while drunk. The relative risk of being in a traffic accident while using a phone is similar to the hazard associatedcell phone NO with driving with a blood alcohol level at the legal limit.

The only difference between the behaviors of drunk drivers and those who were talking on the phone is that drunk drivers tended to be aggressive, while those talking on the phone were more sluggish.

Risks of Driving while using cell phone

There are two dangers associated with driving and cell-phone use. First, drivers must take their eyes off the road while dialing. Second, people can become so absorbed in their conversations that their ability to concentrate on the act of driving is severely impaired, jeopardizing the safety of vehicle occupants and pedestrians.

Talking on the cell phone reduce reaction time by 9% in terms of braking and 19% in terms of picking up speed after braking.  Using hand-held cell phones while driving creates a hazardous distraction. Dialing numbers, receiving calls and holding conversations on cell phones while driving erodes the concentration required of motorists.

States with the Most Drunk Drivers

I came across several different listings of States that had the most drunk drivers. I narrowed it down to one list that was the most recent in 2014, which you can read more drunk driving4about the ten States here.  Texas, where I live, consistently made every list of drunk driver’s shame. Every State has its share of drunk drivers, but here are the top ten States according to that article:

  1. North Dakota
  2. Montana
  3. South Carolina
  4. Wyoming
  5. Missouri
  6. Oklahoma
  7. Alabama
  8. South Dakota
  9. West Virginia
  10. Texas

alcohol and bibleWhat the Bible says about alcohol

The Bible doesn’t say people shouldn’t drink; it only says people shouldn’t get drunk. Nevertheless, it’s your body, your life… what are you going to do with it?

Proverbs 20:1  Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and whoever is led astray by it is not wise.

Ephesians 5:18  And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit,

1 Corinthians 6:10  Nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God.

1 Timothy 5:23  No longer drink only water, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments.

Isaiah 28:7  These also reel with wine and stagger with strong drink; the priest and the prophet reel with strong drink, they are swallowed by wine, they stagger with strong drink, they reel in vision, they stumble in giving judgment.

Isaiah 5:11  Woe to those who rise early in the morning, that they may run after strong drink, who tarry late into the evening as wine inflames them!

Proverbs 23:29-35  Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaining? Who has wounds without cause? Who has redness of eyes? Those who tarry long over wine; those who go to try mixed wine. Do not look at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup and goes down smoothly. In the end it bites like a serpent and stings like an adder. Your eyes will see strange things, and your heart utter perverse things.

Proverbs 31:4  It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine, or for rulers to take strong drink,

Leviticus 10:9  Drink no wine or strong drink, you or your sons with you, when you go into the tent of meeting, lest you die. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations.

Titus 2:3  Older women likewise are to be reverent in behavior, not slanderers or slaves to much wine. They are to teach what is good,

Isaiah 5:22  Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wine, and valiant men in mixing strong drink,drunk driving7

Numbers 6:3   He shall separate himself from wine and strong drink. He shall drink no vinegar made from wine or strong drink and shall not drink any juice of grapes or eat grapes, fresh or dried.

1 Peter 5:8  Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.

Romans 14:1-23  As for the one who is weak in faith, welcome him, but not to quarrel over opinions. One person believes he may eat anything, while the weak person eats only vegetables. Let not the one who eats despise the one who abstains, and let not the one who abstains pass judgment on the one who eats, for God has welcomed him. Who are you to pass judgment on the servant of another? It is before his own master that he stands or falls. And he will be upheld, for the Lord is able to make him stand. One person esteems one day as better than another, while another esteems all days alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind.

Luke 1:15  For he will be great before the Lord. And he must not drink wine or strong drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb.

Joel 1:5  Awake, you drunkards, and weep, and wail, all you drinkers of wine, because of the sweet wine, for it is cut off from your mouth.

1 Timothy 3:3  Not a drunkard, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money.

1 Corinthians 6:9-10 ESV  Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who practice homosexuality, nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God.

1 Corinthians 5:11  But now I am writing to you not to associate with anyone who bears the name of brother if he is guilty of sexual immorality or greed, or is an idolater, reviler, drunkard, or swindler – not even to eat with such a one.

Acts 2:13   But others mocking said, “They are filled with new wine.”

Zechariah 9:17   For how great is his goodness, and how great his beauty! Grain shall make the young men flourish, and new wine the young women.

Habakkuk 2:15   Woe to him who makes his neighbors drink – you pour out your wrath and make them drunk, in order to gaze at their nakedness!

Habakkuk 2:5  Moreover, wine is a traitor, an arrogant man who is never at rest. His greed is as wide as Sheol; like death he has never enough. He gathers for himself all nations and collects as his own all peoples.

Joel 3:18  And in that day the mountains shall drip sweet wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the streambeds of Judah shall flow with water; and a fountain shall come forth from the house of the Lord and water the Valley of Shittim.

Hosea 4:11   Whoredom, wine, and new wine, which take away the understanding.

Daniel 1:8  But Daniel resolved that he would not defile himself with the king’s food, or with the wine that he drank. Therefore he asked the chief of the eunuchs to allow him not to defile himself.

Jeremiah 48:33  Gladness and joy have been taken away from the fruitful land of Moab; I have made the wine cease from the winepresses; no one treads them with shouts of joy; the shouting is not the shout of joy.

Isaiah 56:12  “Come,” they say, “let me get wine; let us fill ourselves with strong drink; and tomorrow will be like this day, great beyond measure.”

Isaiah 25:6  On this mountain the Lord of hosts will make for all peoples a feast of rich food, a feast of well-aged wine, of rich food full of marrow, of aged wine well refined.

Proverbs 31:6  Give strong drink to the one who is perishing, and wine to those in bitter distress;

Proverbs 31:4-5   It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine, or for rulers to take strong drink, lest they drink and forget what has been decreed and pervert the rights of all the afflicted.

Proverbs 23:31  Do not look at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup and goes down smoothly.

Proverbs 23:1-35   When you sit down to eat with a ruler, observe carefully what is before you, and put a knife to your throat if you are given to appetite. Do not desire his delicacies, for they are deceptive food. Do not toil to acquire wealth; be discerning enough to desist. When your eyes light on it, it is gone, for suddenly it sprouts wings, flying like an eagle toward heaven.

Psalm 104:15  And wine to gladden the heart of man, oil to make his face shine and bread to strengthen man’s heart.

Psalm 104:14-15  You cause the grass to grow for the livestock and plants for man to cultivate, that he may bring forth food from the earth and wine to gladden the heart of man, oil to make his face shine and bread to strengthen man’s heart.

Judges 13:7  But he said to me, ‘Behold, you shall conceive and bear a son. So then drink no wine or strong drink, and eat nothing unclean, for the child shall be a Nazirite to God from the womb to the day of his death.’”

Deuteronomy 14:26   And spend the money for whatever you desire – oxen or sheep or wine or strong drink, whatever your appetite craves. And you shall eat there before the Lord your God and rejoice, you and your household.

Revelation 14:10  He also will drink the wine of God’s wrath, poured full strength into the cup of his anger, and he will be tormented with fire and sulfur in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb.

1 Peter 4:7  The end of all things is at hand; therefore be self-controlled and sober-minded for the sake of your prayers.end of time

1 Peter 2:9   But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.

Titus 1:7  For an overseer, as God’s steward, must be above reproach. He must not be arrogant or quick-tempered or a drunkard or violent or greedy for gain

1 Timothy 3:8   Deacons likewise must be dignified, not double-tongued, not addicted to much wine, not greedy for dishonest gain.

1 Thessalonians 5:8  But since we belong to the day, let us be sober, having put on the breastplate of faith and love, and for a helmet the hope of salvation.

Colossians 2:20-23   If with Christ you died to the elemental spirits of the world, why, as if you were still alive in the world, do you submit to regulations – “Do not handle, Do not taste, Do not touch” (referring to things that all perish as they are used) – according to human precepts and teachings? These have indeed an appearance of wisdom in promoting self-made religion and asceticism and severity to the body, but they are of no value in stopping the indulgence of the flesh.

Colossians 2:16   Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink, or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath.

Ephesians 6:1  Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.

Ephesians 5:1-33   Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children. And walk in love, as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God. But sexual immorality and all impurity or covetousness must not even be named among you, as is proper among saints. Let there be no filthiness nor foolish talk nor crude joking, which are out of place, but instead let there be thanksgiving. For you may be sure of this, that everyone who is sexually immoral or impure, or who is covetous (that is, an idolater), has no inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God.

Galatians 5:22-23   But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law.

Galatians 5:19-21   Now the works of the flesh are evident: sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality, idolatry, sorcery, enmity, strife, jealousy, fits of anger, rivalries, dissensions, divisions, envy, drunkenness, orgies, and things like these. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.

1 Corinthians 15:33  Do not be deceived: Bad company ruins good morals.

1 Corinthians 8:9   But take care that this right of yours does not somehow become a stumbling block to the weak.

1 Corinthians 6:9-11   Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who practice homosexuality, nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God. And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.

Romans 14:21   It is good not to eat meat or drink wine or do anything that causes your brother to stumble.

Romans 13:13   Let us walk properly as in the daytime, not in orgies and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and sensuality, not in quarreling and jealousy.

John 2:1-12  On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. When the jesus and winewine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”

Luke 10:34   He went to him and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. Then he set him on his own animal and brought him to an inn and took care of him.

Luke 7:34  The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Look at him! A glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’

Luke 7:33  For John the Baptist has come eating no bread and drinking no wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon.’

Luke 5:39  And no one after drinking old wine desires new, for he says, ‘The old is good.’”

Mark 2:22   And no one puts new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the wine will burst the skins – and the wine is destroyed, and so are the skins. But new wine is for fresh wineskins.”

Matthew 11:19  The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Look at him! A glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ Yet wisdom is justified by her deeds.

Zechariah 10:7  Then Ephraim shall become like a mighty warrior, and their hearts shall be glad as with wine. Their children shall see it and be glad; their hearts shall rejoice in the Lord.

Joel 2:19  The Lord answered and said to his people, “Behold, I am sending to you grain, wine, and oil, and you will be satisfied; and I will no more make you a reproach among the nations.

Joel 1:10  The fields are destroyed, the ground mourns, because the grain is destroyed, the wine dries up, the oil languishes.

Hosea 9:2  Threshing floor and wine vat shall not feed them, and the new wine shall fail them.

Hosea 7:5  On the day of our king, the princes became sick with the heat of wine; he stretched out his hand with mockers.

Luke 21:34   But watch yourselves lest your hearts be weighed down with dissipation and drunkenness and cares of this life, and that day come upon you suddenly like a trap.

Jesus and wine2

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